There are biological samples such as biological reagents, blood and blood derivatives, vaccines DNA, special medicines, and even flammable chemicals that cannot be adequately stored in ordinary refrigerators and freezers due to their extreme temperature condition requirements for these substances to be of use at their optimum condition; therefore, biomedical freezers and refrigerators have been designed to meet this specific need. The commercial applications of biomedical freezers and refrigerators are purposely varied in order to effectively store biological samples for long periods, examples of which are plasma products, blood and vaccines must be stored at temperature conditions between-30 to -40 degrees Centigrade, DNA and RNA samples must be stored at a temperature range within -70 to -80 degrees Centigrade.
Blood banks, hospitals, pharmacies, diagnostic clinics, research laboratories, university laboratories, etc. are usually the main users of these biomedical refrigerators and freezers, with the blood bank sector as having the largest market share for these types of storage equipment. Because of the varied applications of biomedical freezers and refrigerators, these storage facilities are typed according to its market, such as blood bank refrigerators, laboratory refrigerators, plasma freezers, ultra low freezers, laboratory freezers, shock freezers, cryogenic refrigeration or storage system. Furthermore, factors that greatly demand for the need of biomedical freezers and refrigerators are due to the rise of need for blood transfusions, development of new vaccines, introduction of cellular therapies, custom-made medicines, rising establishment of research and development activities. In addition to the mentioned factors, in a general overview, the business market for biomedical freezers and refrigerators has taken on an upsurge growth due to the expansion of the healthcare industry which has included the medical-tourism sector, and which has prompted for the the technological and infrastructural establishment of specialized hospitals and clinics. The market growth for biomedical freezers and refrigerators is challenged recently by the upsurge of cheaply-made storage units that are available in the market at a much lower price. There is the risk of these cheaply-made biomedical freezers and refrigerators in the sense that their quality in maintaining extreme temperature conditions may not be strictly maintained and thus can tremendously affect the shelf-life of blood samples and other important biological samples. In order to regulate and satisfy the market for quality biomedical freezers and refrigerators, governments of each country, especially in the US, are now stepping up legislations and quality control to serve as standard requirements and basis for designing, manufacturing, testing and marketing of these types of storage facilities, putting in mind safety and performance, such that a quality certification, as part of the regulatory requirements, is required. Since there is an evident demand for these storage equipment, but how to maintain or increase its demand in the market will be greatly influenced by these factors: quality and technological aspect, competitive pricing, and effective distribution network.